The Inca and Nazca were two different civilizations that flourished in different regions of Peru during different time periods.

The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and it emerged in the Andean region of South America in the 13th century. The Inca civilization was characterized by its complex social organization, monumental architecture, and advanced agricultural practices. The Inca Empire reached its peak in the 15th century, but was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. Today, the Inca are known for their impressive ruins, including Machu Picchu, Pisac, and Ollantaytambo.

On the other hand, the Nazca civilization emerged on the southern coast of Peru around 100 BC and thrived until around 800 AD. The Nazca are known for their distinctive geoglyphs, which are large designs created in the desert floor by removing the reddish-brown iron oxide-coated pebbles that cover the surface and exposing the light-colored earth underneath. The Nazca people also built underground aqueducts and produced sophisticated pottery. The Nazca civilization declined and disappeared for reasons that are not entirely clear, but some scholars speculate that it was due to environmental factors such as droughts or floods.

In summary, the Inca and Nazca were two distinct civilizations that emerged in different regions of Peru during different time periods, each with their own unique contributions to history and culture.


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